論文掲載：St. Jude Children's Research Hospital、マイトファジーによるBAX/BAK非依存・Parkin介在アポトーシスの抑制
May 24, 2023
Degradation of defective mitochondria is an essential process to maintain cellular homeostasis and it is strictly regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and lysosomal activities. Here, using genome-wide CRISPR and small interference RNA screens, we identified a critical contribution of the lysosomal system in controlling aberrant induction of apoptosis following mitochondrial damage. After treatment with mitochondrial toxins, activation of the PINK1-Parkin axis triggered a BAX- and BAK-independent process of cytochrome c release from mitochondria followed by APAF1 and caspase 9–dependent apoptosis. This phenomenon was mediated by UPS-dependent outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) degradation and was reversed using proteasome inhibitors. We found that the subsequent recruitment of the autophagy machinery to the OMM protected cells from apoptosis, mediating the lysosomal degradation of dysfunctional mitochondria. Our results underscore a major role of the autophagy machinery in counteracting aberrant noncanonical apoptosis and identified autophagy receptors as key elements in the regulation of this process.
Genedata Screener was used in this work to analyze a genome-wide RNAi screen for mediators of cell death.